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Métodos não-invasivos para análises hormonais aplicadas aos estudos de ecologia e etologia
The endocrine monitoring through urinary and fecal steroid analysis has been proven a feasible alternative in the investigation of reproductive and stress physiology in a great variety of birds and mammals (domestic and wild species). This approach has contributed to enhance integration between endocrinology and behavioral/ ecological studies originating detailed information towards different areas, such as animal welfare, social behavior, reproduction, conservation biology, biomedicine, among others. In Brazil, however, its application has been limited mainly to the determination of reproductive and stress parameters in wild species, with no published articles employing measurement of urinary or fecal glucocorticoids or sexual steroids in domestic animals. Thus, the aim of this lecture is first show examples of Brazilian researches involving non-invasive endocrine monitoring, and secondly illustrate possible applications of this technology in studies involving domestic animals.