1 Revista de Psiquiatria Clínica 2009 Vol: 36(3):. DOI: 10.1590/S0101-60832009000300004

Perfil psicológico e comportamental de agressores sexuais de crianças

BACKGROUND: Sexual violence against children is a universal problem, occurring since ever, everywhere and regardless the socio-economic status. Whist most studies have been dedicated to the victim of such crime, there is little information regarding their perpetrators, which is largely limited to the description of demographic data. OBJECTIVE: Review the literature regarding children sexual aggressors according to psychological and behavioral profile. METHODS: Literature review and discussion. RESULTS: Presentation of the major classifications of offenders, pointing out the most widely used ones and the implications to forensic psychiatry and psychology. CONCLUSION: The psychological and behavioral profile use is very important for medico-legal practice, but still needs better scientific validation.

Mentions
Altmetric
References
  1. Aded NL, Dalcin BLGS, et al. Abuso sexual em crianças e adolescentes: revisão de 10 anos da literatura. Rev Psiquiatr Clín.33(4) , 204-13 (2006) .
  2. Arboleda-Florez J, Wade TJ. Childhood and adult victimization as risk factor for major depression. Int J Law Psychiatry.24 , 357-70 (2001) .
  3. Deblinger E, Mcleer SV, Henry D. Cognitive behavioral treatment for sexually abused children suffering post-traumatic stress: Preliminary findings. J Am Acad Child and Adolesc Psychiatry.29 , 747-52 (1990) .
  4. Rivera B, Widom CS. Childhood victimization and violent offending. Violence Vict.5(1) , 19-35 (1990) .
  5. Maxfield MG, Widom CS. The cycle of violence. Revisited 6 years later. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med.150(4) , 390-5 (1996) .
  6. Widom CS, Ames MA. Criminal consequences of childhood sexual victimization. Child Abuse Negl.8(4) , 303-18 (1994) .
  7. Ross CA, Miller SD, Bjornson L, Reagor P, Fraser GA, Anderson G. Abuse histories in 102 cases of multiple personality disorder. Can J Psychiatry.36(2) , 97-101 (1991) .
  8. Nagata T, Kiriike N, Iketani T, Kawarada Y, Tanaka H. History of childhood sexual or physical abuse in Japanese patients with eating disorders: relationship with dissociation and impulsive behaviours. Psychol Med.29(4) , 935-42 (1999) .
  9. Garno JL, Goldberg JF, Ritzler BA. Impact of childhood abuse on the clinical course of bipolar disorder. British J Psychiatry.186 , 121-5 (2005) .
  10. Hammersley P, Dias A, Todd G. Childhood trauma and hallucinations in bipolar affective disorder: preliminary investigation. Br J Psychiatry.182 , 543-7 (2003) .
  11. Meyerson LA, Long P, Miranda Jr R, Marx BP. The influence of childhood sexual abuse, physical abuse, family environment, and gender on the psychological adjustment of adolescents. Abuse and Neglect.25(7) , 387-405 (2002) .
  12. Osofsky JD. The effects of exposure to violence on young children. Am Psychol.50(9) , 782-8 (1995) .
  13. D'Amora D. Presentation during the training program. In: Defense of the community: effective community-based responses to sex offenders. New York, Westchester County, Silver Spring , (1999) .
  14. Fernandez YM, Marshall WL, Lightbody S, O'Sullivan C. The child molester empathy measure: description and examination of its reliability and validity. Sexual abuse. J Res Treat.11(1) , 17-31 (1999) .
  15. Murray JB. Psychological profile of pedophiles and child molesters. J Psychol.134(2) , 211-24 (2000) .
  16. Holmes RM, Holmes ST. Profiling violent crimes: an investigative tool. New Delhi: US , (2002) .
  17. Kocsis RN, Cooksey RW, Irwin HJ. Psychological profiling of offender characteristics from crime behaviors in serial rape offences. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol.46(2) , 144-69 (2002) .
  18. Lanning KV. Ritual abuse: a law enforcement view or perspective. Child Abuse Negl.15(3) , 171-3 (1991) .
  19. Lanning KV. Child Molesters: a behavioral analysis - for law-enforcement officers investigating the sexual exploitation of children by acquaintance molesters. 4ª ed. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) , (2001) .
  20. Fuller AK. Child molestation and pedophilia. An overview for the physician. JAMA.261(4) , 602-6 (1989) .
  21. Ames MA, Houston DA. Legal, social, and biological definitions of pedophilia. Arhc Sex Behav.19(4) , 333-42 (1999) .
  22. Hornor G. Child sexual abuse: psychosocial risk factors. J Pediatric Health Care.16 , 187-92 (2002) .
  23. Craig LA, Browne KD, Beech A, Stringer IAN. Differences in personality and risk characteristics in sex, violent and general offenders. Crim Behav Ment Health.16 , 183-94 (2006) .
  24. Leclerc B, Beauregard E, Prulx J. Modus operandi and situational aspects in adolescent sexual offenses against children: a further examination. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol.52(1) , 46-61 (2008) .
  25. Salfati CG, Canter DV. Differentiating stranger murders: profiling offender characteristics from behavioral styles. Behav Sci Law. 17(3) , 391-406 (1999) .
  26. Ortiz-Tallo M, Cardenal V, Blanca MJ, Sánchez LM, Morales I. Multiaxial evaluation of violent criminals. Psychol Rep.100(3 Pt 2) , 1065-75 (2007) .
  27. Sharma BR. Disorders of sexual preference and medicolegal issues thereof. Am J Forensic Med Pathol.24(3) , 277-82 (2003) .
  28. Gacono CB, Meloy JR, Bridges MR. A Rorschach comparison of psychopaths, sexual homicide perpetrators, and nonviolent pedophiles: where angels fear to tread. J Clin Psychol.56(6) , 757-77 (2000) .
  29. Hare RD. Psychopathy: a clinical and forensic overview. Psychiatr Clin North Am.29(3) , 709-24 (2006) .
  30. Hill A, Habermann N, Klusmann D, Bener W, Briken P. Criminal recidivism in sexual homicide perpetrators. Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol.52(1) , 5-20 (2008) .
  31. Langström N, Grann M. Psychopathy and violent recidivism among young criminal offenders. Acta Psychiatr Scand Suppl.(412) , 86-92 (2002) .
  32. Myers WC, Blashfield R. Psychopathology and personality in juvenile sexual homicide offenders. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law.25(4) , 497-508 (1995) .
  33. Pinizzotto AJ, Finkel NJ. Criminal personality profiling: an outcome and process study. Law Hum Behav.14 , 215-33 (1990) .
  34. Porter S, Woodworth M, Earle J, Drugge J, Boer D. Characteristics of sexual homicides committed by psychopathic and non psychopathic offenders. Law Hum Behav.27(5) , 459-70 (2003) .
  35. Rigonatti SP, Serafim AP, Caires MAF, Guerra AH, Arboleda-Florez J. Personality disorders in rapists and murderers from a maximum security prison in Brazil. Int J Law Psychiatry.29(5) , 361-9 (2006) .
  36. Woodworth M, Porter S. In cold blood: characteristics of criminal homicides as a function of psychopathy. J Abnorm Psychol.111(3) , 436-45 (2002) .
  37. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Washington: American Psychiatric Association , (1994) .
  38. Bradford J. The neurobiology, neuropharmacology and pharmacological treatment of the paraphilias and compulsive sexual behavior. Can J Psychiatry.46 , 26-34 (2001) .
  39. Cohen JA, Mannarino AP. Predictors of treatment outcome in sexually abused children. Child Abuse Negl.24(7) , 983-94 (2000) .
  40. Dunsieth NW, Nelson EB, Brusman-Lovins LA, Holcomb Jl, Beckman D, Welge JA, et al. Psychiatric and legal features of 113 men convicted of sexual offenses. J Clin Psychiatry.65(3) , 293-300 (2004) .
  41. Firestone P, Bradford JM, Greenberg DM, Larose MR. Homicidal sex offenders: psychological, phallometric, and diagnostic features. J Am Psychiatry Law.26(4) , 537-52 (1998) .
  42. Mcelroy SL, Soutullo CA, Taylor PJR, Nelson EB, Beckman DA, Brusman LA, et al. Psychiatric features of 36 men convicted of sexual offenses. J Clin Psychiatry.60(6) , 414-20 (1999) .
  43. Goodwill AM, Alison LJ. When is profiling possible? Offense planning and aggression as moderators in predicting offender age from victim age in stranger rape. Behav Sci Law.25(6) , 823-40 (2007) .
Expand